Energy from Waste Development Guidance

WRAP's priority is to prevent waste arising and to re-use and recycle resources, but an element of unavoidable residual waste will always exist. Creating energy from this residual waste, which would otherwise go to landfill, may be an alternative option.

  • Funding

    An introduction to a selection of options to assist in the financing of a facility.


  • Feasibility and Good Practice

    This chapter covers the areas of business case development, site selection, technology options and due diligence.


  • Planning

    This guidance focuses on EfW planning proposals determined under the Town and Country Planning regime to help you develop a realistic project programme.


  • Environmental Permitting Regulations

    An explanation of the 2010 regulations and how they relate to a potential EfW facility.


  • Feedstock

    An analysis of the variables and properties of waste derived fuel materials and how they can influence the type of processing technology chosen.


  • Outputs

    A review of the various products which can be expected as a result of waste derived fuel usage.


  • Financial Incentives

    An overview of the government's incentive payment systems, including the Renewables Obligation Certificate (ROC), Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) and Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation (RTFO) regime.


  • Waste Incineration Directive

    Guidance on the requirements of the Waste Incineration Directive and the implications for waste wood and small scale EfW projects.


This guidance on energy from waste (EfW) provides practical information for businesses looking to develop smaller-scale EfW facilities as a waste treatment option, where opportunities for waste prevention, re-use or recycling of residual waste aren’t possible.

To access the various sections of this guidance please explore the image above. To download the full document please click the link on the right.

The guidance includes chapters on:

  • funding;
  • feasibility and good practice;
  • planning;
  • environmental permitting regulations;
  • feedstock;
  • outputs;
  • financial incentives; and
  • Waste Incineration Directive.

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