The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2014 contain requirements for MFs to routinely sample and compositionally test their mixed material inputs by individual supplier and their main outputs by material stream e.g. news and pams, ordinary corrugated cardboard and mixed paper.
The Regulations require MF operators to report the average (or arithmetic mean) percentage composition for target material, non-target material and non-recyclable material to the Environment Agency or Natural Resources Wales every quarter.
In conjunction with a high level industry steering group, WRAP has produced good practice guidance and a flow chart regarding how the samples can be taken and tested.
Materials Recovery Facilities are increasingly important in providing quality raw materials to industry. In most cases, MRFs are designed to separate co-mingled recyclables into their individual material streams and prepare them for sale in the commodity markets.
A summary document, Recovering value from MRFs, presents an overview of of key aspects in the specification, operation and costs of MRFs. It draws together the results of three separate studies commissioned by WRAP:
A MRF comparison study, which looked at material sorting practices and technologies employed at across-section of MRFs in England, the USA and Europe;
MRF cost model and user guide - a costing tool for different materials sorting options; and
Contractual arrangements between local authorities and MRF operators, which reviewed and assessed existing contractual relationships between MRF operators and local authorities across the UK.
There are reports, guidance and case studies for municipal MRF operators including:
MRF output material quality thresholds: a report on materials quality standards, quality measurement techniques and their implementation by UK MRFs and materials reprocessors.
MRF quality assessment study: material quality assessment of municipal MRFs within the UK.
Quality management systems for municipal MRFs: practical guidance and templates to assist with the implementation of a QMS.
The Waste and Resources Action Programme (which operates as WRAP) is a registered UK Charity No. 1159512 and registered as a Company limited by guarantee in England & Wales No. 4125764. Registered office at Second Floor, Blenheim Court, 19 George Street, Banbury, Oxon, OX16 5BH.