Guidance on Kerbside Recycling Collection

Kerbside recycling collections make up a huge part of the work undertaken by local authorities and generate significant value through diverting resources away from disposal. 

What is WRAP doing?

Over the last decade WRAP has worked alongside local authorities, waste management companies, recycling organisations and reprocessors to develop a number of resources to support the implementation and improve the effectiveness of kerbside collections.

What can my organisation do?

WRAP has produced a number of  reports, guides, tools and case studies to support local authorities develop, review and improve their kerbside collection schemes.

The resources below may help you to optimise the collections process, the best ways to communicate your collection campaign and what you can do to increase collection rates in your local authority:

Kerbside recycling: indicative costs and performance

This report is intended to provide a systematic appraisal of kerbside recycling collection systems, looking at both their cost and effectiveness.


Alternate weekly collections (AWC) - guidance for local authorities

This revised guidance from WRAP is intended to help local authorities decide whether AWC is right for them and to draw together, from the experience of other authorities, advice on how to design and implement a scheme which is effective, and which gains and retains the support of local people.


Factors influencing recycling performance

The report 'Analysis of recycling performance and waste arisings in the UK 2012/13' looks at factors influencing recycling performance in the UK. The analysis explores how the nature of the collection systems and local area characteristics influence recycling performance and waste arisings.


Waste recycling apportionment

The WRAP commercial and household waste/recycling ‘apportionment tool’ assists local authorities to calculate the proportion of waste and recycling when it is co-collected on the same vehicle. It also aims to:

  • provide consistency in the approach used by local authorities to apportion tonnages
  • improve the accuracy of data
  • assist with budgeting and service development

Download the waste recycling apportionment tool >>

A Framework for Greater Consistency in Recycling in England

WRAP is working with local authorities, the waste management industry, reprocessors, brands and retailers  to address the current inconsistency in recycling services and the confusion that this causes. Together we are working towards achieving the  following vision.

By 2025 packaging is designed tobe recyclable, where practical and environmentally beneficial, and is labelled clearly to indicate whether it can be recycled or not. Every household in England can recycle a common set of dry recyclable materials and food waste, collected in one of three different ways.

WRAP’s Collections Consistency Project >>

Where next?

Want to know more about kerbside collections? Take a look at our reports, guides, tools and case studies for further information:

Reports >>
Guides >>
Tools >>
Case studies >>